Islamic art kelsey pendleton 8 nov 2010 option 2 - islamic art in traditional islamic architecture the gibla was the wall facing in the direction of the mecca, and contained a maqsura, the place where the emir or caliph would pray. Symmetry, as always in islamic design, was still the keynote, but the traditional decorative canon (of geometrical patterns, arabesque arrangements and calligraphy), while an ever-present and general influence on design, exerted less of a hold beyond architecture. This was a period of not only european and english architecture but also of unique hybrids created by fusing the elements of english with the local islamic architecture most of these colonial buildings are still standing and in use in pakistan. Islamic comparison paper in this paper i will be giving my personal analysis on two distinct islamic architectural structures that have some similarities as well as some differences that complement each other even though they may be from opposite ends of the empire or building technique and even sometimes have a personal touch subject to the architect themself or current leader of the time.
Islamic architecture of andalusia by john noble on september 22, 2012 in architecture , nasrid , umayyads 5 comments owen jones and jules goury, arched window from the volume plans, elevations, sections & details of the alhambra, published 1837. Islamic architecture - islamic architecture comparative civilizations 12 kj benoy mosques the most notable type of building is the mosque. Hindu architecture purpose hindu architecture1 is basically temple architecture they were meant as the home of a particular god where his devotees could visit to obtain the darshan of the god and goddess. Another example of modern islamic architecture is the king abdulaziz international airport's hajj terminal, designed for pilgims on the hajj in saudi arabia the terminal's bangladeshi architect fazlur khan received the aga khan award for architecture for an outstanding contribution to architecture for muslims.
Mudéjar art, a style which is native and unique to the history of spain, was a meeting point between christianity and islam the term mudéjar refers to the muslims who continued to practise their religion and their customs in the territories that became part of christian dominions as the reconquest advanced into southern spain. Lime was though known for stacking mud brick and stones however it was islamic architecture which used cementing age t mortar perfecting the architecture with strength and stability ornamental features of muslims were flowers , arabic writing, decorating features while that of temples were deities , human forms etc. Such comparison pointing to historical cultural dialogue offers promise for greater dialogue in our own times christian and islamic domes: the architecture and decorative programs. Topic:indian culture will cover the salient aspects of architecture in medieval times 2) compare and contrast the indo-islamic architecture with that of temple architecture in india.
The jame mosque in isfahan, iran the main characteristics of persian and mughal architecture i have to point out that i will be referring the islamic persian architecture rather than the pre-islamic one to compare with the mughal architecture. Although most studies of hammams focus on their architecture and decoration, no less important were the objects used in the bath hammam s were generally single-sex, with men and women having separate bathhouses or bathing times ( 309517423 . Islamic architecture - abbasid period under theabbasid caliphate (750-1258), which succeeded the umayyads (661-750) in 750, the focal point of islamic political and cultural life shifted eastward from syria to iraq, where, in 762, baghdad, the circular city of peace ( madinat al-salam ), was founded as the new capital. Islamic architecture muhammad ali mosque, cairo © architecture is one of the greatest islamic art forms an islamic style is seen in mosques but also in muslim houses and gardens.
Islamic art and architecture, works of art and architecture created in countries where islam has been dominant and embodying muslim precepts in its themes in the century after the death (ad 632) of the prophet muhammad, his arab followers spread his teachings through egypt and n africa, as far west. This paper is the architecture c periods before islam and after islam and compare mary and impacts be addressed comparing the architecture of pre-islamic palaces and then especially during the umayyad and abbasid. Architecture in the byzantine empire is remarkably different than islamic architecture many different aspects of their cultures influence the designs and structure these differences can be seen in a contrast between the hagia sophia and the dome of the rock.
Islamic architecture historyical background the field of islamic architecture is a key example of this rich inheritance as a manifestation of islamic civilization, architecture is a physical. Compare christianity and islam christianity and islam are the two largest religions in the world to illustrate the similarities and differences between these religions, the following charts compares the origins, beliefs and practices of christianity and islam. Islamic history is filled with genius architects some of the greatest monuments on earth are the product of muslims who wanted to build beautiful structures that would show the greatness of islam throughout time.
The taj mahal the crowning jewel of indo-islamic architecture, the taj mahal is one of the world's most beautiful and beloved structures the monument was built in agra, india, for mumtaz mahal, the favorite wife of mughal emperor shah jahan. A mosque (masjid in arabic) is a place of worship in islam although prayers can be done privately, either indoors or outdoors, nearly every community of muslims dedicates a space or building for congregational prayer the main architectural components of a mosque are practical in purpose and. Sinan: sinan, most celebrated of all ottoman architects, whose ideas, perfected in the construction of mosques and other buildings, served as the basic themes for virtually all later turkish religious and civic architecture. The differences & similarities between the byzantine & islamic empires in every meaningful way, the byzantine empire and the islamic empire were fundamentally different on the most surface level, there is the obvious distinction between the dominant religions of the two groups.